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Quebec

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Je me souviens (I remember)

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Once called Lower Canada, Quebec is one of the country’s four founding provinces. It is the heart of French culture in North America. As Canada’s largest province, it occupies an area about three times the size of France. Before European contact, Quebec was inhabited by the Inuit, Algonquian and Iroquois First Nations. Its name comes from the Algonquian word kébec, meaning‘where the river narrows’. 

In 1608, Samuel de Champlain named Quebec and settled on city of Quebec as the administrative seat of New France. Université Laval in Quebec City, founded in 1663, is Canada’s oldest post-secondary educational institution. 

The great city of Montréal — capital of the Province of Canada from 1844 to 1849 — was founded by the 31-year-old Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, who established Fort Ville-Marie on the southern shore of the Island of Montréal on 17 May 1642. 

Quebec is Canada’s only predominantly Francophone province, and the only one for which French is the sole official language. In 2006, the Québécois were recognized by the Canadian parliament as a ‘nation within a united Canada’.

The Quebec Room exhibits Michel Daigneault’s abstract acrylic work Mur de verre; Goodridge Roberts 1962 oil painting Eastern Townships; the Jean-Paul Riopelle lithograph Poisson; and Electric#1, a photograph by Thomas Kneubühler.

The credenza and mantelpiece are topped with ceramic sculptures by Paula Murray and a stone sculpture by Jean-Denis Bisson Biscornet respectively.

Nadia Myre carpet artwork
Nadia Myre carpet artwork

Facts

Quebec’s forest covers an area the size of Norway and Sweden combined.

Quebec City is the only city in North America to retain its original city walls.

77 per cent of the world’s maple syrup is made in Quebec.

Poutine, the international culinary delight made from French-fried potatoes, cheese curds and gravy, was invented in Drummondville, Quebec.

William Osler, often called the Father of Modern Medicine, taught at both McGill University in Montréal and at Oxford.

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