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New Brunswick

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Spem reduxit (Hope restored)

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New Brunswick is a founding province of Canada. Along with its neighbours Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, it is one of the three Maritime provinces.

The traditional homeland of the Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy First Nations, it was first settled by the French in 1604 when Samuel de Champlain explored the region. Over the next century, more settlers arrived and the area became part of the French colony of Acadia. The strong French cultural influence plays an important role in New Brunswick today. It is Canada’s only officially bilingual province.

Historically, New Brunswick’s economy has always been driven by its natural resources and its trade with the US and Europe. Forestry, mining and the fishery remain key industries.

The New Brunswick Room celebrates nature and the ocean. Christine Lavoie, a ceramicist trained in Moncton, used Japanese raku-firing techniques to create Milky Way, which sits on the credenza. A trio of flower-patterned ceramics created by Karen Burk adorns one wall, facing Anna Torma’s detailed and imaginative embroidery, Dragon Carpet. The carpet design showing a flock of migrating Canada geese is based on a piece by Lance Belanger and Kitty Mykka.

Artwork detail: Anna Torma, Dragon Carpet, 2012
Artwork detail: Anna Torma, Dragon Carpet, 2012

Facts

The Bay of Fundy between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia experiences the highest tides in the world. One hundred and fifteen billion tons of water flow in and out each day.

On the ‘Magnetic Hill’ at Moncton, an optical illusion created by rising and falling terrain means that a car placed in neutral will roll backwards, seemingly uphill. The phenomenon proved so popular with motorists that there is now a fee for visiting.

New Brunswick’s Grand Manan Island is the world capital of dulse — a highly nutritious edible seaweed.

New Brunswick harvests more than 500,000 Christmas trees every year.

New Brunswick is named after the city of Braunschweig in Germany — the ancestral home of George III.

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